4.1. Occupational health and safety risks in the production chain shall be assessed (risk assessment). The assessment shall include risk predictive, preventive and reducing procedures.
4.2. The risk assessment shall be reviewed, at minimum, annually and always after an accident, incident or near miss of an accident and in association with any major changes in the organisation’s operations or in the production chain.
4.3. In the case of an accident, incident or near miss of an accident, a root cause analysis shall be conducted, and adequate remedial and preventive measures shall be defined and implemented. The remedial and preventive measures shall be taken at a level of detail, scale and urgency that is proportionate to the existent risk of a negative impact.
4.4. Workers shall be involved in the risk assessment, root cause analysis and planning of risk management procedures.
4.5. Instructions for safe working practices in day-to-day work shall be included in workers’ job-specific introduction and work instructions.
4.6. If the job requires specific qualifications, permits or competencies from the workers, the validity of these qualifications, permits or competencies shall be ensured.
4.7. Training to ensure workers’ awareness, knowledge and skills for safe working practices shall be planned and held. The frequency and content of training sessions shall be planned to meet workers’ needs and the requirements set by their occupational responsibilities.
4.8. The sufficiency and applicability of the planned training and applied instructions shall be reviewed, at minimum, every two years and always in association with Occupational health and safety risk assessment, root cause analysis and at any major changes in the organisation’s operations or in the production chain.
4.9. A timely mechanism for workers to report possibly occurring occupational health and safety deficiencies shall be identified and implemented.
4.10. Employee incentive procedures shall be planned and implemented to encourage employees to contribute to the maintenance and development of occupational health in the production chain.
4.11. Reported deficiencies shall be evaluated and necessary hazard preventive measures taken by the organisation’s management without undue delay.